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Andrew James


Livestock economist and information specialist


Andrew James, previous Director of VEERU, has more than 20 years research and consultancy experience in livestock production and disease control in Africa, Asia, Australia, Europe and Latin America.

Dr James has established veterinary epidemiology units in Africa and Latin America and developed a variety of computer software for the management of livestock information.  VEERU’s programme of research in livestock herd modelling began with the steady state model developed by Dr James for his PhD, and widely used for project and farm-level economic evaluation. He has led a series of research projects developing simulation models for rinderpest, BSE and smallholder livestock enterprises.

Dr James led the development of the InterHerd computer program, which was designed for herd management in Latin America and replaced the DAISY herd management system in the United Kingdom.

Since 2001 he has overseen the development of a national livestock database system ‘Intertrace’. This system provides a framework for establishing effective recording of the identification, movement, production and official health records for any species of livestock. Identification and registration in Intertrace complies with EU legislation and incorporates registration of holdings and keepers for all livestock species; identification and registration of livestock; recording and management of veterinary surveillance programmes; management of EU livestock headage payment schemes; recording of animal products and border inspections; milk recording records; milk producing forecasting; cattle breed society records and genetic evaluation; beef QA, traceability and labelling.

The system was first introduced into Malta where it is recognized by EU as a fully operational database for livestock.  It is used in UK by National Milk Records (NMR) to analyse NMR milk recording data collected monthly from in excess of 8,000 commercial dairy herds. The database contains over 23 million animal records and data analyses are used to predict future milk flows for individual herds as well as groups of herds and assist milk buyers to determine appropriate milk utilisation strategies for the predicted volumes that will be collected from farms.

Dr James has introduced Interherd to Colombia where it is being used to store animal registers of all the major breed societies in the country.  Dr James has also introduced Intertrace into Luxembourg, Guernsey, Antigua, Trinidad and Suriname.

Dr James has been a regular contributor to FAO and OIE Expert consultations, particularly with reference to the control of transboundary diseases, disease surveillance and disease modelling. He is a member of the advisory committee for the FAO Emergency Programme for the Prevention of Transboundary Diseases (EMPRES), and was a member of the expert groups that developed epidemiological surveillance standards for declaring countries free of rinderpest, contagious bovine pleuro-pneumonia and foot-and-mouth disease.

Dr James is currently leading the implementation of an EU supported twinning project between The University of Reading and the Food and Veterinary Regulation Division (FVRD) of the Ministry for Rural Affairs and Environment, Republic of Malta.  The project is assisting in regulating food safety, animal welfare and environmental standards in Malta by providing technical assistance to ensure that FVRD is in compliance with EU food safety and animal welfare legislation.  The twinning project will improve the organisational and individual capacities of the FVRD and the livestock industry to apply more effective controls to ensure that the standards required by EU legislation are achieved throughout the livestock industries.


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